What is periodontal (gum) disease?
Periodontal disease is a bacterial infection of the gums that causes loss of connective fibers and bone that anchor your teeth. If left untreated, infection can ultimately result in tooth loss.
Early disease exhibits few symptoms and can thus go undetected. Individual may experience redness and soreness.
In the advanced stages of disease, swollen and bleeding gums, pus, consistent bad breath, loose teeth, and changes in the way your teeth fit when biting can be expected.
Stages of gum disease
Plaque buildup causes inflammation. Gums are red, sore, and bleed when probed. Individual experiences little to no pain.
Infection begins to damage bone and supporting tissue. Pockets begin to form, encouraging further plaque and bacterial buildup.
Moderate to Advanced Periodontitis
Further damage occurs to soft tissue and bone. Pockets deepen and the separation of gum and teeth means the tooth is at risk of falling out.
If caught early, scaling and root planing are used to remove plaque and bacteria as well as smooth rough surfaces to allow tissue to heal. This is employed in conjunction with Arestin, an antibiotic injection.
Moderate to advanced periodontitis may necessitate minimally invasive techniques such as Laser ANAP and bone regeneration methods.